Get to know Kashwakamak Lake
Kashwakamak Lake is located in the Township of North Frontenac. It has an elevation of 268 metres above sea level. The lake perimeter is 65.5 kilometres, the deepest point is 22 metres. Kashwakamak Lake supports a warm water fishery, in particular; Walleye, Northern Pike, Smallmouth and Largemouth Bass, Lake Herring, Yellow Perch and White Sucker.
At last count in the late 1970’s, there were approximately 445 cottages on the lake and 12 resorts.
The Kashwakamak Lake Dam is used as a water control structure and is located at the outlet at the east end of Kashwakamak Lake.
The weedy inlets and bays of Kashwakamak Lake are ideal habitat for cool water and warmwater fish species that dominate this lake. The lake is managed as a warmwater fishery. There is an abundant walleye population that is known to spawn at a prime spawning shoal near the main inlet at Whitefish Rapids, and at several locations along the north shore of the lake. Water levels must be maintained high enough in early spring to ensure coverage at Whitefish Rapids’ shoals for walleye spawning, as well as for shallow bay habitats for bass spawning in June.
Bass reproduction has been assessed in the lake with nesting activities having been documented throughout the lake. Higher nest densities tend to occur in shallow bays on the north and east ends of the lake. Northern pike reproductive activities have been recorded at two shallow sites in the extreme eastern end of the lake. Kashwakamak Lake once supported lake trout; however, this species has been extirpated from the lake likely due to a number of reasons such as water levels, logging, development, angling and poor spawning success. Kashwakamak Lake still supports other coldwater species such as lake herring and burbot.
Species at Risk
Certain shoreline wetland habitats on the lake provide suitable habitat for a species at risk turtle, known as Blanding’s turtle (Emydoidea blandingii). The Blanding’s turtle is a Species at Risk (SAR) with a federal and provincial threatened SAR designation and is, therefore, afforded protection for itself and its critical habitat by the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act, National and Provincial Parks Acts, the Natural Heritage component of the Provincial Policy Statement under Ontario’s Planning Act provides for the protection of significant portions of the habitat of threatened species, and SARA.
Kashwakamak Lake has approximately 377 residential structures on the lake and at least 5 resorts/marinas. Other than property on islands, there are no boat-access only dwellings on this lake.
Read Kashwakamak Lake State of the Lake Reports
Mississippi Valley Conservation Authority and its partner, the Mississippi Valley Lake Stewardship Network, are taking action through Watershed Watch, a program designed to protect and enhance the environmental health of lakes within the watershed. The monitoring results are posted as State of the Lake Reports. Each lake in the program is sampled every five years.